Short sleep duration contributes to hypertension, yet few behavioral sleep extension interventions have been developed. The goal of our study was to evaluate the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a technology assisted sleep extension intervention among individuals with prehypertension/stage 1 hypertension on sleep, blood pressure and patient reported outcomes.
Adults aged 30–65 with 24h ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) > 120/80 mmHg and average weekday sleep duration < 7 h/night were randomized 2:1 to a 6-week technology assisted intervention versus a self-management control group. The intervention included a wearable sleep tracker, smartphone application, weekly didactic lessons and brief telephone coaching. The control group was instructed to maintain their current sleep schedule. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and nonparametric statistics to evaluate differences in between groups as well as prepost changes within each group. We also conducted bivariate correlations to evaluate predictors of change in sleep and ABP.
A total of 16 adults were randomized into the study (11 intervention, 5 control group, 8 women, mean age 45.8 years, standard deviation 9.8 years.) Results at 6-week follow-up demonstrated greater improvement in the intervention group for total sleep time (P = .027), reductions in 24-hour systolic blood pressure (P = .013) and diastolic blood pressure (P = .026), improvements in sleep disturbance (P = .003) and sleep-related impairment (P = .008). Participants in the intervention group completed 90% of the coaching sessions and rated the enjoyment of the intervention as 4 or 5 out of 5.
Technology assisted sleep extension intervention is feasible and well liked in this population. Results demonstrate the potential for this intervention to improve sleep duration, quality and 24-hour ABP.
Baron KG, Duffecy J, Richardson D, Avery E, Rothschild S, Lane J. Technology assisted behavior intervention to extend sleep among adults with short sleep duration and prehypertension/stage 1 hypertension: a randomized pilot feasibility study. J Clin Sleep Med. 2019;15(11):1587–1597.