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Volume 15 No. 08
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Accepted Papers





Scientific Investigations

Therapeutic Positive Airway Pressure Level Predicts Response to Hypoglossal Nerve Stimulation for Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Clara H. Lee, BS1; Everett G. Seay, BS, RPSGT2,3; Benjamin K. Walters, MD4; Nicholas J. Scalzitti, MD4,5; Raj C. Dedhia, MD, MSCR2,3
1Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia;; 2Department of Otolaryngology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia;; 3Emory Sleep Center, Emory Healthcare, Atlanta, Georgia;; 4Department of Otolaryngology, San Antonio Military Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas;; 5Sleep Disorders Center, Wilford Hall Ambulatory Surgical Center, Lackland AFB, Texas

Study Objectives:

To determine whether therapeutic positive airway pressure (PAP) level predicts response to hypoglossal nerve stimulation (HGNS) for obstructive sleep apnea using the coprimary outcomes of apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and 4% oxygen desaturation index.

Methods:

Combined cohort study from two US sleep otolaryngology training programs. Subjects were adults with AHI > 15 events/h who underwent HGNS. Eligible subjects had diagnostic preoperative sleep studies, full-night efficacy postoperative studies and therapeutic PAP levels available for analysis. Low and high PAP groups were compared using the t test for continuous variables and chi-square test for categorical variables.

Results:

Fifty-six patients met all inclusion criteria. On average, patients were male, Caucasian, middle-aged, and overweight. Thirteen patients were in the low PAP group (< 8 cm H2O) and 43 patients in the high PAP group (≥ 8 cm H2O). Although both groups experienced improvement of polysomnographic measures with HGNS, the low PAP group achieved a significantly larger mean AHI reduction (36.7 ± 22.7 versus 18.4 ± 23.4, P = .02). Additionally, the low PAP group had a greater response rate (defined as AHI < 20 events/h and > 50% reduction of AHI) than the high PAP group (92% versus 44%, P < .01).

Conclusions:

Therapeutic PAP level may aid in the discernment of candidacy for HGNS, with a strong positive predictive value for PAP levels < 8 cm H2O. A larger prospective study is needed to confirm these findings.

Citation:

Lee CH, Seay EG, Walters BK, Scalzitti NJ, Dedhia RC. Therapeutic positive airway pressure level predicts response to hypoglossal nerve stimulation for obstructive sleep apnea. J Clin Sleep Med. 2019;15(8):1165–1172.




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