Adult With PHOX2B Mutation and Late-Onset Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome
PHOX2B 20/27 polyalanine repeat mutation (PARM) in patients with congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) is generally associated with full-time ventilator dependence, Hirschsprung disease, and increased risk for cardiac asystole. We follow a 14-year-old boy with CCHS PHOX2B 20/27 PARM who is full-time ventilator dependent via tracheostomy and has Hirschsprung disease. His mother, age 52 years, has a history of prolonged recovery from anesthesia and an elevated serum bicarbonate level of 45 mEq/L discovered on routine blood chemistry. PHOX2B gene mutation analysis was performed and showed an identical 20/27 PARM, diagnostic of CCHS. Late-onset CCHS has been reported in those with 20/24, 20/25 PHOX2B PARM, and in nonpolyalanine repeat mutations. This is the first report of a patient with PHOX2B 20/27 PARM with a mild phenotype diagnosed during adulthood. This unusual presentation supports the screening for PHOX2B mutations in parents of children with CCHS.
Kasi AS, Kun SS, Keens TG, Perez IA. Adult with PHOX2B mutation and late-onset congenital central hypoventilation syndrome. J Clin Sleep Med. 2018;14(12):2079–2081.
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