Edinger JD, Bonnet MH, Bootzin RR, et al. Derivation of research diagnostic criteria for insomnia: report of an American Academy of Sleep Medicine Work Group. Sleep. 2006;27(8):1567–1596. [PubMed]
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 5th ed. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association Publishing; 2013.
Landry GJ, Best JR, Liu-Ambrose T. Measuring sleep quality in older adults: a comparison using subjective and objective methods. Front Aging Neurosci. 2015;7:166. [PubMed Central][PubMed]
Kay DB, Buysse DJ, Germain A, Hall M, Monk TH. Subjective-objective sleep discrepancy among older adults: associations with insomnia diagnosis and insomnia treatment. J Sleep Res. 2015;24(1):32–39. [PubMed]
Williams JM, Kay DB, Rowe M, McCrae CS. Sleep discrepancy, sleep complaint, and poor sleep among older adults. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2003;68(5):712–720
Means MK, Edinger JD, Glenn DM, Fins AI. Accuracy of sleep perceptions among insomnia sufferers and normal sleepers. Sleep Med. 2003;4(4):285–296. [PubMed]
Harvey AG, Tang NKY. (Mis)perception of sleep in insomnia: a puzzle and a resolution. Psychol Bull. 2012;138(1):77–101. [PubMed]
Sadeh A. The role and validity of actigraphy in sleep medicine: an update. Sleep Med Rev. 2011;15(4):259–267. [PubMed]
Lichstein KL, Stone KC, Donaldson J, et al. Actigraphy validation with insomnia. Sleep. 2006;29(2):232–239. [PubMed]
Tang NKY, Harvey AG. Altering misperception of sleep in insomnia: behavioral experiment versus verbal feedback. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2006;74(4):767–776. [PubMed]
Baillet M, Cosin C, Schweitzer P, et al. Mood influences the concordance of subjective and objective measures of sleep duration in older adults. Front Aging Neurosci. 2016;8:181. [PubMed Central][PubMed]
Fernandez-Mendoza J, Calhoun SL, Bixler EO, et al. Sleep misperception and chronic insomnia in the general population: role of objective sleep duration and psychological profiles. Psychosom Med. 2011;73(1):88–97. [PubMed]
Alfano CA, Patriquin MA, De Los Reyes A. Subjective - objective sleep comparisons and discrepancies among clinically-anxious and healthy children. J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2015;43(7):1343–1353. [PubMed]
Tsuchiyama K, Nagayama H, Kudo K, Kojima K, Yamada K. Discrepancy between subjective and objective sleep in patients with depression. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2003;57(3):259–264. [PubMed]
Jackowska M, Dockray S, Hendrickx H, Steptoe A. Psychosocial factors and sleep efficiency: discrepancies between subjective and objective evaluations of sleep. Psychosom Med. 2011;73(9):810–816. [PubMed]
Watson NF, Kapur V, Arguelles LM, et al. Comparison of subjective and objective measures of insomnia in monozygotic twins discordant for chronic fatigue syndrome. Sleep. 2003;26(3):324–328. [PubMed]
Taylor DJ, Mallory LJ, Lichstein KL, Durrence HH, Riedel BW, Bush AJ. Comorbidity of chronic insomnia with medical problems. Sleep. 2007;30(2):213–218. [PubMed]
White KP, Speechley M, Harth M, Ostbye T. The London Fibromyalgia Epidemiology Study: comparing the demographic and clinical characteristics in 100 random community cases of fibromyalgia versus controls. J Rheumatol. 1999;26(7):1577–1585. [PubMed]
Wilson KG, Watson ST, Currie SR. Daily diary and ambulatory activity monitoring of sleep in patients with insomnia associated with chronic musculoskeletal pain. Pain. 1998;75(1):75–84. [PubMed]
Lunde L-H, Pallesen S, Krangnes L, Nordhus IH. Characteristics of sleep in older persons with chronic pain: a study based on actigraphy and self-reporting. Clin J Pain. 2010;26(2):132–137. [PubMed]
Okifuji A, Hare BD. Nightly analyses of subjective and objective (actigraphy) measures of sleep in fibromyalgia syndrome: What accounts for the discrepancy? Clin J Pain. 2011;27(4):289–296. [PubMed Central][PubMed]
Kay DB, Dzierzewski JM, Rowe M, McCrae CS. Greater night-tonight variability in sleep discrepancy among older adults with a sleep complaint compared to noncomplaining older adults. Behav Sleep Med. 2013;11(2):76–90. [PubMed]
McCrae CS, Craggs J, Vatthauer K, et al. Neuroplasticity in comorbid chronic pain and chronic insomnia: impact of improved sleep on central sensitization [abstract]. Sleep. 2014;37(abstract suppl.):A176–A177.
Beck AT, Steer RA, Brown GK. Beck Depression Inventory-II. San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation; 1996.
Spielberger CD, Gorsuch RL, Lushene R, Vagg PR, Jacobs GA. Manual for the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press; 1983.
Morin CM, Stone J, Trinkle D, Mercer J, Remsberg S. Dysfunctional beliefs and attitudes about sleep among older adults with and without insomnia complaints. Psychol Aging. 1993;8(3):463–467. [PubMed]
Melzack R. The McGill Pain Questionnaire: major properties and scoring methods. Pain. 1975;1(3):277–299. [PubMed]
Pollard CA. Preliminary validity study of the pain disability index. Percept Mot Skills. 1984;59(3):974. [PubMed]
Enders CK, Tofighi D. Centering predictor variables in cross-sectional multilevel models: a new look at an old issue. Psychol Methods. 2007;12(2):121–138. [PubMed]
Matuschek H, Kliegl R, Vasishth S, Baayen H, Bates D. Balancing Type I error and power in linear mixed models. J Mem Lang. 2017;94:305–315.
Edwards LJ, Muller KE, Wolfinger RD, Qaqish BF, Schabenberger O. An R2 statistic for fixed effects in the linear mixed model. Stat Med. 2008;27(29):6137–6157. [PubMed Central][PubMed]
Bates D, Mächler M, Bolker B, Walker S. Fitting linear mixed-effects models using lme4. J Stat Softw. 2015;67(1):1–48.
Van Someren EJ. Improving actigraphic sleep estimates in insomnia and dementia: how many nights? J Sleep Res. 2007;16(3):269–275. [PubMed]
Moore CM, Schmiege SJ, Matthews EE. Actigraphy and sleep diary measurements in breast cancer survivors: discrepancy in selected sleep parameters. Behav Sleep Med. 2015;13(6):472–490. [PubMed]
Dean GE, Redeker NS, Wang Y, Rogers AE, Dickerson SS, Steinbrenner LM. Sleep, mood, and quality of life in patients receiving treatment for lung cancer. Oncol Nurs Forum. 2014;40(5):441–451.
Wang SY, Chang HJ, Lin CC. Sleep disturbances among patients with non-small cell lung cancer in Taiwan: congruence between sleep log and actigraphy. Cancer Nurs. 2010;33(1):E11–E17. [PubMed]
Dimsdale JE, Norman D, DeJardin D, Wallace MS. The effect of opioids on sleep architecture. J Clin Sleep Med. 2007;3(1):33–36. [PubMed]