This study has as its primary objective to evaluate the quality and effectiveness of type II ambulatory polysomnography (Amb-PSG) versus type I attended laboratory polysomnography (Lab-PSG) in diagnosing obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Its secondary objective is to evaluate the clinical efficacy, quality of life (QoL), and treatment adherence after diagnosis.
An observational study of patients with OSA (n = 225) in whom diagnosis was made via Amb-PSG (n = 114) or Lab-PSG (n = 111). Patients' clinical data were retrospectively assessed (including general demographic and clinical data, Epworth Sleepiness Scale, blood pressure, indices from polysomnography, and treatment adherence. Cross-sectional assessment (patient questionnaire) was used to evaluate clinical efficacy indicators, comorbidities, current treatment, and QoL.
Polysomnography indices were comparable between Amb-PSG and Lab-PSG (apnea-hypopnea index: 38.9 ± 22.5 versus 35.8 ± 23.1 events/h; P > .05), except for an elevation of total sleep time (510 ± 54.7 versus 476.3 ± 79.4 minutes; P < .01) and loss of oximetry signal (9.8% versus 0.0%; P < .05). Based on polysomnography parameters, OSA was severe in 119 patients (52.9%), moderate in 88 (39.1%), and mild in 18 (8.0%). Diagnostic effect of Amb-PSG in clinical (body mass index, blood pressure, Epworth Sleepiness Scale) and treatment follow-up (CPAP adherence and QoL) indicators was comparable to that of Lab-PSG.
Amb-PSG showed an OSA diagnostic capacity comparable to Lab-PSG. Secondary analyses (diagnostic quality, clinical efficacy, treatment compliance, QoL) underline the value of Amb-PSG as an emerging alternative to improve accessibility to care.
Andrade L, Paiva T. Ambulatory versus laboratory polysomnography in obstructive sleep apnea: comparative assessment of quality, clinical efficacy, treatment compliance, and quality of life. J Clin Sleep Med. 2018;14(8):1323–1331.