The main objectives of the study were to determine plasma adropin, systemic inflammation biomarker levels, and glucose metabolism parameters in patients with moderate and severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) compared to healthy controls.
In this study, we included 50 male patients with OSA (25 moderate and 25 severe) and 25 age- and sex-matched control subjects. All subjects underwent fasting sampling of peripheral blood for laboratory analyses.
Adropin plasma levels were significantly lower in the severe OSA group in comparison with the moderate and control groups (4.50 ± 1.45 versus 6.55 ± 1.68 versus 8.15 ± 1.79 ng/mL, P < .001). Plasma biomarkers of systemic inflammation were significantly increased in patients with moderate OSA (interleukin [IL]-6 and tumor necrosis factor alpha [TNF-α]) and severe OSA (IL-6, TNF-α, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein) when compared with controls (P < .001). Adropin levels showed a significant negative correlation with IL-6 (r = −.419, P < .001), TNF-α (r = −.540, P < .001), fasting glucose (r = −.331, P = .004), hemoglobin A1c (r = −.438, P < .001), homeostatic model assessment insulin resistance index (r = −.213, P = .046), and polysomnographic parameters including apnea-hypopnea index (r = −.615, P < .001) and oxygen desaturation index (r = −.573, P < .001). A multivariate regression analysis showed that plasma adropin remained as a significant negative predictor of severe OSA status, when adjusted for age and body mass index and computed along with other inflammatory biomarkers in the regression model (odds ratio 0.069, 95% confidence interval 0.009–0.517, P = .009).
Plasma adropin concentrations significantly correlate with indices of disease severity in patients with OSA, suggesting that adropin potentially plays an important role in the complex pathophysiology of the disease.
Bozic J, Borovac JA, Galic T, Kurir TT, Supe-Domic D, Dogas Z. Adropin and inflammation biomarker levels in male patients with obstructive sleep apnea: a link with glucose metabolism and sleep parameters. J Clin Sleep Med. 2018;14(7):1109–1118.