Determine the Multivariable Apnea Prediction (MAP) index predictive utility for enrollment enrichment in a clinical trial wherein enrollment was prior to obstructive sleep apnea diagnosis.
Secondary analysis of screening data (n = 264) from randomized, double-blind, pilot trial. Clinical sleep center patients with complete screening and polysomnography data were included. To determine diagnostic test accuracy of the MAP index using apnea-hypopnea index criterion ≥ 10 events/h (primary) and ≥ 5, ≥ 15, and ≥ 30 events/h (secondary), sensitivity, specificity, negative and positive predictive values, likelihood positive and negative ratios, and receiver operating characteristic curves were calculated. Predictive utility was examined by characteristic variables.
Middle-aged, overweight or obese, men and women were included. Employing a MAP index threshold ≥ 0.5, sensitivity for obstructive sleep apnea (apnea-hypopnea index ≥ 10 events/h) was 83.6%; specificity was 46.4%; area under the curve = 0.74. Sensitivity was higher in males than females (95.3%, 68.7%, respectively); specificity was lower in males than females (30.4%, 57.6%, respectively) with similar area under the curve (0.74 versus 0.72, respectively). MAP accuracy was higher in younger versus older adults (younger than 50 years, or 50 years or older; area under the curve 0.82 versus 0.63, respectively). Varied apnea-hypopnea index criteria produced stable accuracy estimates.
Recruitment/enrollment is a high-cost endeavor. Screening procedures may confer resource savings but careful evaluation prior to study implementation assures effectiveness and efficiency.
Clinical Trial Registration:
The secondary analysis reports data from the SCIP-PA Trial (NCT 01454830); study information available at: https://clinicaltrials.gov.
Yang H, Watach A, Varrasse M, King TS, Sawyer AM. Clinical trial enrollment enrichment in resource-constrained research environments: Multivariable Apnea Prediction (MAP) index in SCIP-PA Trial. J Clin Sleep Med. 2018;14(2):173–181.