Crews JE, Jones GC, Kim JH. Double jeopardy: the effects of comorbid conditions among older people with vision loss. J Visual Impair Blin. 2006;100:824–48.
Ong SY, Cheung CY, Li X, et al. Visual impairment, age-related eye diseases, and cognitive function: the Singapore Malay Eye Study. Arch Ophthalmol. 2012;130:895–900. [PubMed]
van der Aa HPA, Comijs HC, Penninx BWJH, van Rens GHMB, van Nispen RMA. Major depressive and anxiety disorders in visually impaired older adults. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2015;56:849–54. [PubMed]
Salive ME, Gurainik J, Glynn RJ, Christen W, Wallace RB, Ostfeld AM. Association of visual impairment with mobility and physical function. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1994;42:287–92. [PubMed]
Haymes SA, Johnston AW, Heyes AD. Relationship between vision impairment and ability to perform activities of daily living. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2002;22:79–91. [PubMed]
Lam BL, Christ SL, Zheng DD, et al. Longitudinal relationships among visual acuity and tasks of everyday life: the Salisbury Eye Evaluation Study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013;54:193–200. [PubMed Central][PubMed]
Crew JE, Chou CF, Zhang X, Zack MM, Saaddine JB. Health-related quality of life among people aged ≥ 65 years with self-reported visual impairment: findings from the 2006-2010 behavioral risk factor surveillance system. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2014;21:287–96. [PubMed Central][PubMed]
Chia EM, Wang JJ, Rochtchina E, Smith W, Cumming RR, Mitchell P. Impact of bilateral visual impairment on health-related quality of life: the Blue Mountains Eye Study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2004;45:71–6. [PubMed]
Lisboa R, Chun YS, Zangwill LM, et al. Association between rates of binocular visual field loss and vision-related quality of life in patients with glaucoma. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2013;131:486–94. [PubMed Central][PubMed]
Medeiros FA, Gracitelli CPB, Boer ER, Weinreb RN, Zangwill LM, Rosen PN. Longitudinal changes in quality of life and rates of progressive visual field loss in glaucoma patients. Ophthalmology. 2015;122:293–301. [PubMed]
Tabandeh H, Lockly SW, Buttery R, et al. Disturbance of sleep in blindness. Am J Ophthalmol. 1998;126:707–12. [PubMed]
Warman GR, Pawley MDM, Bolton C, et al. Circadian-related sleep disorders and sleep medication use in the New Zealand blind population: an observational prevalence survey. PLoS One. 2011;6:e22073. [PubMed Central][PubMed]
Leger D, Guilleminault C, Defrance R, Domont A, Paillard M. Prevalence of sleep/wake disorders in persons with blindness. Clin Sci. 1999;97:193–9. [PubMed]
Leger D, Guilleminault C, Santos C, Paillard M. Sleep/wake cycles in the dark: sleep recorded by polysomnography in 26 totally blind subjects compared to controls. Clin Neurophysiol. 2002;113:1607–14. [PubMed]
Lockley SW, Skene DJ, Butler LJ, Arendt J. Sleep and activity rhythms are related to circadian phase in the blind. Sleep. 1999;22:616–23. [PubMed]
Lockley SW, Arendt J, Skene DJ. Visual impairment and circadian rhythm disorders. Dialogues Clin Neurosci. 2007;9:301–14. [PubMed Central][PubMed]
Schmoll C, Lascaratos G, Dhillon B, Skene D, Riha RL. The role of retinal regulation of sleep in health and disease. Sleep Med Rev. 2011;15:107–13. [PubMed]
Hayakawa T, Uchiyama M, Kamei Y, et al. Clinical analyses of sighted patients with non-24-hour sleep-wake syndrome: a study of 57 consecutively diagnosed cases. Sleep. 2005;28:945–52. [PubMed]
Scheer FAJL, Hilton MF, Mantzoros CS, Shea SA. Adverse metabolic and cardiovascular consequences of circadian misalignment. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009;106:4453–58. [PubMed Central][PubMed]
Buxton OM, Cain SW, O'Connor SP, et al. Metabolic consequences in humans of prolonged sleep restriction combined with circadian disruption. Sci Transl Med. 2012;4:129ra43. [PubMed Central][PubMed]
Lockley SW, Dijk DJ, Kosti O, Skene DJ, Arendt J. Alertness, mood and performance rhythm disturbances associated with circadian sleep disorders in the blind. J Sleep Res. 2008;17:207–16. [PubMed]
Furihata R, Uchiyama M, Takahashi S, et al. The association between sleep problems and perceived health status: a Japanese nationwide general population survey. Sleep Med. 2012;13:831–7. [PubMed]
Noel CW, Fung H, Srivastava R, et al. Visual impairment and unmet eye care needs among homeless adults in a Canadian city. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2015;133:455–60. [PubMed]
Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. Exercise guidelines for good health 2006, (in Japanese). Retrieved May 26, 2015, from http://www.mhlw.go.jp/bunya/kenkou/undou01/pdf/data.pdf.
Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. Japanese official physical activity guidelines for health promotion 2013, (in Japanese). Retrieved May 26, 2015, from http://www.mhlw.go.jp/sft/houdou/2r9852000002xpleatt/2r9852000002xpqt.pdf.
Lockley SW, Skene DJ, Arendt J, Tabandeh H, Bird AC, Defrance R. Relationship between melatonin rhythms and visual loss in the blind. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1997;82:3763–70. [PubMed]
Flynn-Evans EE, Tabandeh H, Skene DJ, Lockley SW. Circadian rhythm disorders and melatonin production in 127 blind women with and without light perception. J Biol Rhythms. 2014;29:215–24. [PubMed]
Fukuhara S, Suzukamo Y. Manual of the SF-8 Japanese Version, (in Japanese). Kyoto: Institute for Health Outcomes and Process Evaluation Research; 2004.
Ware JE Jr. SF-36 Health Survey Update. In: Maruish MM. The use of psychological testing for treatment planning and outcome assessment. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates; 2004:693–718.
World Health Organization. Obesity: preventing and managing the global epidemic. Report of a WHO consultation (WHO technical report series 894). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2000.
Mori K, Kawano Y, Tada Y, et al. Relationship of dietary intake and lifestyle factors to health-related quality of life in the community-dwelling elderly. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol. 2010;56:364–71. [PubMed]
Sack RL, Brandes RW, Kendall AR, Lewy AJ. Entrainment of free-running circadian rhythms by melatonin in blind people. New Engl J Med. 2000;343:1070–7. [PubMed]
Folkard S, Arendt J, Aldhous M, Kennet H. Melatonin stabilises sleep onset time in a blind man without entrainment of cortisol or temperature rhythms. Neurosci Lett. 1990;113:193–8. [PubMed]
Neckelmann D, Mykletun A, Dahl AA. Chronic insomnia as a risk factor for developing anxiety and depression. Sleep. 2007;30:873–80. [PubMed Central][PubMed]
Jaussent I, Bouyer J, Ancelin ML, et al. Excessive sleepiness is predictive of cognitive decline in the elderly. Sleep. 2012;35:1201–7. [PubMed Central][PubMed]
Edinger JD, Means MK, Carney CE, Krystal AD. Psychomotor performance deficits and their relation to prior nights' sleep among individuals with primary insomnia. Sleep. 2008;31:599–607. [PubMed Central][PubMed]
Okawa M, Uchiyama M. Circadian rhythm sleep disorders: characteristics and entrained pathology in delayed sleep phase and non-24 sleep-wake syndrome. Sleep Med Rev. 2007;11:485–96. [PubMed]
Abe T, Inoue Y, Komada Y, et al. Relation between morningness-eveningness score and depressive symptom among patients with delayed sleep phase syndrome. Sleep Med. 2011;12:680–4. [PubMed]
Elliott DB, Hurst MA, Weatherill J. Comparing clinical tests of visual function in cataract with the patient's perceived visual disability. Eye. 1990;4:712–7. [PubMed]
Rubin GS, Bandeen-Roche K, Huang GH, et al. The association of multiple visual impairments with self-reported visual disability: SEE project. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2001;42:64–72. [PubMed]