Collop NA, Tracy SL, Kapur V, et al., authors. Obstructive sleep apnea devices for out-of-center (OOC) testing: technology evaluation. J Clin Sleep Med. 2011;7:531–48. [PubMed Central][PubMed]
Parthasarathy S, author. CON: Thoughtful steps informed by more comparative effectiveness research is needed in home testing. J Clin Sleep Med. 2013;9:9–12. [PubMed Central][PubMed]
Penzel T, Hirshkowitz M, Harsh J, et al., authors. Digital analysis and technical specifications. J Clin Sleep Med. 2007;3:109–20. [PubMed]
Pittman SD, MacDonald MM, Fogel RB, et al., authors. Assessment of automated scoring of polysomnographic recordings in a population with suspected sleep-disordered breathing. Sleep. 2004;27:1394–403. [PubMed]
Anderer P, Gruber G, Parapatics S, et al., authors. An E-health solution for automatic sleep classification according to Rechtschaffen and Kales: validation study of the Somnolyzer 24 x 7 utilizing the Siesta database. Neuropsychobiology. 2005;51:115–33. [PubMed]
Punjabi NM, Shifa N, Doffner G, Patil S, Pien G, Aurora RN, authors. Computer-assisted automated scoring of polysomnograms using the Somnolyzer System. Sleep. 2015;38:1555–66. [PubMed Central][PubMed]
Malhotra A, Younes M, Kuna ST, et al., authors. Performance of an automated polysomnography scoring system versus computer-assisted manual scoring. Sleep. 2013;36:573–82. [PubMed Central][PubMed]
Younes M, Thompson W, Leslie C, Egan T, Giannouli E, authors. Utility of technologist editing of polysomnography scoring performed by a validated automatic system. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2015;12:1206–18. [PubMed]
Sleigh JW, Andrzejowski J, Steyn-Ross A, Steyn-Ross M, authors. The bispectral index: a measure of depth of sleep? Anesth Analg. 1999;88:659–61. [PubMed]
Tung A, Lynch JP, Roizen MF, authors. Use of the BIS monitor to detect onset of naturally occurring sleep. J Clin Monit Comput. 2002;17:37–42. [PubMed]
Nieuwenhuijs D, Coleman EL, Douglas NJ, Drummond GB, Dahan A, authors. Bispectral index values and spectral edge frequency at different stages of physiologic sleep. Anesth Analg. 2002;94:125–9. [PubMed]
Virkkala J, Hasan J, Värri A, Himanen SL, Müller K, authors. Automatic sleep stage classification using two-channel electro-oculography. J Neurosci Meth. 2007;166:109–15.
Agrawal G, Modarres M, Zikov T, Bibian S, authors. NREM sleep staging using WAV(CNS) index. J Clin Monit Comput. 2011;25:137–42. [PubMed]
Shambroom JR, Fábregas SE, Johnstone J, authors. Validation of an automated wireless system to monitor sleep in healthy adults. J Sleep Res. 2012;21:221–30. [PubMed]
Levendowski DJ, Popovic D, Berka C, Westbrook PR, authors. Retrospective cross-validation of automated sleep staging using electroocular recording in patients with and without sleep disordered breathing. Int Arch Med. 2012;5:21. [PubMed Central][PubMed]
Stepnowsky C, Levendowski D, Popovic D, Ayappa I, Rapoport DM, authors. Scoring accuracy of automated sleep staging from a bipolar electroocular recording compared to manual scoring by multiple raters. Sleep Med. 2013;14:1199–207. [PubMed]
Popovic D, Khoo M, Westbrook P, authors. Automatic scoring of sleep stages and cortical arousals using two electrodes on the forehead: validation in healthy adults. J Sleep Res. 2014;23:211–21. [PubMed Central][PubMed]
Younes M, Ostrowski M, Soiferman M, et al., authors. Odds ratio product of sleep EEG as a continuous measure of sleep state. Sleep. 2015;38:641–54. [PubMed Central][PubMed]
Iber C, Ancoli-Israel S, Chesson AL Jr, Quan SF, authors. The AASM manual for the scoring of sleep and associated events: rules, terminology and technical specifications, 1st ed. Westchester, IL: American Academy of Sleep Medicine, 2007.
Young T, Peppard PE, Gottlieb DJ, authors. Epidemiology of obstructive sleep apnea: a population health perspective. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2002;165:1217–39. [PubMed]
Peppard PE, Young T, Barnet JH, et al., authors. Increased prevalence of sleep disordered breathing in adults. Am J Epidemiol. 2013;177:1006–14. [PubMed Central][PubMed]
Badran M, Yassin BA, Fox N, Laher I, Ayas N, authors. Epidemiology of sleep disturbances and cardiovascular consequences. Can J Cardiol. 2015;31:873–9. [PubMed]
Epstein L, Weiss W, authors. Clinical consequences of obstructive sleep apnea. Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 1998;19:123–32.
Peppard PE, Young T, Palta M, Skatrud J, authors. Prospective study of the association between sleep-disordered breathing and hypertension. N Engl J Med. 2000;342:1378–84. [PubMed]
Gottlieb DJ, Punjabi NM, Mehra R, et al., authors. CPAP versus oxygen in obstructive sleep apnea. N Engl J Med. 2014;370:2276–85. [PubMed Central][PubMed]
Haentjens P, Van Meerhaeghe A, Moscariello A, et al., authors. The impact of continuous positive airway pressure on blood pressure in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome: evidence from a meta-analysis of placebo-controlled randomized trials. Arch Intern Med. 2007;167:757–64. [PubMed]
Drager LF, Li J, Reinke C, et al., authors. Intermittent hypoxia exacerbates metabolic effects of diet-induced obesity. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2011;19:2167–74.
Louis M, Punjabi NM, authors. Effects of acute intermittent hypoxia on glucose metabolism in awake healthy volunteers. J Appl Physiol. 2009;106:1538–44. [PubMed Central][PubMed]
Lim DC, Pack AI, authors. Obstructive sleep apnea and cognitive impairment: addressing the blood-brain barrier. Sleep Med Rev. 2014;18:35–48. [PubMed]
Marin JM, Carrizo SJ, Vicente E, Agusti AG, authors. Long-term cardiovascular outcomes in men with obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnoea with or without treatment with continuous positive airway pressure: an observational study. Lancet. 2005;365:1046–53. [PubMed]
Guilleminault C, Kim YD, Palombini L, Li K, Powell N, authors. Upper airway resistance syndrome and its treatment. Sleep. 2000;23 Suppl 4:S197–200. [PubMed]
Ayas NT, Fox J, Epstein L, et al., authors. Initial use of portable monitoring versus polysomnography to confirm obstructive sleep apnea in symptomatic patients: an economic decision model. Sleep Med. 2010;11:320–4. [PubMed]
Zeidler MR, Santiago V, Dzierzewski JM, Mitchell MN, Santiago S, Martin JL, authors. Predictors of obstructive sleep apnea on polysomnography after a technically inadequate or normal home sleep test. J Clin Sleep Med. 2015;11:1313–8. [PubMed]
Berry RB, Budhiraja R, Gottlieb DJ, et al., authors. Rules for scoring respiratory events in sleep: update of the 2007 AASM Manual for the Scoring of Sleep and Associated Events. Deliberations of the Sleep Apnea Definitions Task Force of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. J Clin Sleep Med. 2012;8:597–619. [PubMed Central][PubMed]
Ohayon M, Reynolds CF III, authors. Epidemiological and clinical relevance of insomnia diagnoses algorithms according to the DSM-IV and the International Classification of Sleep Disorders (ICSD). Sleep Med. 2009;10:952–60. [PubMed Central][PubMed]
Altena A, van der Werf YD, Strijers RL, et al., authors. Sleep loss affects vigilance: effects of chronic insomnia and sleep therapy. J Sleep Res. 2008;17:335–43. [PubMed]
Nissen C, Kloepfer C, Nofzinger EA, et al., authors. Impaired sleep-related memory consolidation in primary insomnia. Sleep. 2006;29:1068–73. [PubMed]
Riemann D, Voderholzer U, authors. Primary insomnia: a risk factor to develop depression? J Affect Disorders. 2003;76:255–59. [PubMed]
Baglioni C, Spiegelhalder K, Lombardo C, et al., authors. Sleep and emotions: focus on insomnia. Sleep Med Rev. 2010;14:227–38. [PubMed]
Patel S, Hu FB, authors. Short sleep duration and weight gain: a systematic review. Obesity. 2008;16:643–53. [PubMed Central][PubMed]
Spiegel K, Tasali E, Leproult R, et al., authors. Effects of poor and short sleep on glucose metabolism and obesity risk. Nat Rev Endocr. 2009;5:253–61.
Nilsson PM, Röst M, Engström G, et al., authors. Incidence of diabetes in middle-aged men is related to sleep disturbances. Diabetes Care. 2004;27:2464–69. [PubMed]
Mallon L, Broman JE, Hetta J, authors. High incidence of diabetes in men with sleep complaints or short sleep duration. Diabetes Care. 2005;28:2762–7. [PubMed]
Gallicchio L, Kalesan B, authors. Sleep duration and mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Sleep Res. 2009;18:148–58. [PubMed]
Cappuccio FP, D'Elia L, Strazzullo P, Miller MA, authors. Sleep duration and all-cause mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies. Sleep. 2010;33:585–92. [PubMed Central][PubMed]
Rechtschaffen A, Kales A, authors. A manual of standardized terminology, techniques, and scoring system for sleep stages of human subjects. NIH Publication. No. 204. Washington, DC: U S Government Printing Office, 1968.
American Sleep Disorders Association. EEG arousals: scoring rules and examples. A preliminary report from the Sleep Disorders Atlas Task Force of the American Sleep Disorders Association. Sleep. 1992;15:174–84.
Silber MH, Ancoli-Israel S, Bonnet MH, et al., authors. The visual scoring of sleep in adults. J Clin Sleep Med. 2007;3:121–31. [PubMed]
Danker-Hopfe H, Kunz D, Gruber G, et al., authors. Interrater reliability between scorers from eight European sleep laboratories in subjects with different sleep disorders. J Sleep Res. 2004;13:63–9. [PubMed]
Whitney CW, Gottlieb DJ, Redline S, et al., authors. Reliability of scoring respiratory disturbance indices and sleep staging. Sleep. 1998;21:749–57. [PubMed]
Nobili L, De Gennaro L, Proserpio P, et al., authors. Local aspects of sleep: observations from intracerebral recordings in humans. Prog Brain Res. 2012;199:219–32. [PubMed]
Nir Y, Staba RJ, Andrillon T, et al., authors. Regional slow waves and spindles in human sleep. Neuron. 2011;70:153–69. [PubMed Central][PubMed]
Marzano C, Ferrara M, Moroni F, De Gennaro L, authors. Electroencephalographic sleep inertia of the awakening brain. Neuroscience. 2011;176:308–17. [PubMed]
Ferrara M, De Gennaro L, authors. Going local: insights from EEG and stereo-EEG studies of the human sleep-wake cycle. Curr Top Med Chem. 2011;11:2423–37. [PubMed]
Marzano C, Moroni F, Gorgoni M, Nobili L, Ferrara M, De Gennaro L, authors. How we fall asleep: regional and temporal differences in electroencephalographic synchronization at sleep onset. Sleep Med. 2013;14:1112–22. [PubMed]